STATE TAX COMMISSION OF MISSOURI
|)||Appeal No. 17-10443|
|Complainant,||)||Parcel/Loc. No. 14J610337|
|JAKE ZIMMERMAN, ASSESSOR||)|
|ST. LOUIS COUNTY, MISSOURI,
DECISION AND ORDER
The decision of the St. Louis County Board of Equalization (BOE) is AFFIRMED. Complainant Amans Robinson (Complainant) did not present substantial and persuasive evidence to rebut the presumption of correct assessment by the BOE.
The evidentiary hearing in this case was scheduled to begin at 1:00 p.m., April 23, 2018, at the St. Louis County Government Administration Building in Clayton, Missouri. Complainant failed to appear at the evidentiary hearing and failed to prosecute the appeal. Respondent Jake Zimmerman, Assessor, St. Louis County, Missouri, (Respondent) appeared by Counsel Steve Robson, who announced ready for trial. Case decided by Senior Hearing Officer Amy S. Westermann (Hearing Officer).
Complainant appealed on the ground of overvaluation. Respondent initially set the true value in money (TVM) of the subject property at $199,000, as residential property, as of January 1, 2017. The BOE found the TVM of the subject property to be $199,000 as of January 1, 2017, thereby sustaining Respondent’s valuation. The State Tax Commission (STC) takes this appeal to determine the TVM for the subject property as of January 1, 2017.
The Hearing Officer enters the following Decision and Order.
FINDINGS OF FACT
- Jurisdiction over this appeal is proper. Complainant timely appealed to the STC.
- The subject property is located at 55 Bellerive Acres Street, St. Louis County, Missouri. The property is identified by Parcel/Locator number 14J610337.
- By Order dated December 8, 2017, this case was set for a Prehearing Conference on February 14, 2018, at the St. Louis County Government Administration Building, 41 South Central Avenue, in Clayton, Missouri. Complainant appeared for and participated in the Prehearing Conference. During the Prehearing Conference, by agreement of the parties, the appeal was scheduled for an Evidentiary Hearing on April 23, 2018, at 1:00 p.m., at the St. Louis County Government Administration Building, 41 South Central Avenue, in Clayton, Missouri. The date and time of the Evidentiary Hearing were memorialized in a written order provided to Complainant and to Respondent during the Prehearing Conference. The order informed Complainant that if he could not attend the Prehearing Conference and needed a continuance a request must be made in writing and filed with the Commission no later than five days before the date of the Prehearing Conference, not including intermediate Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays. The Hearing Officer reiterated to Complainant the date scheduled for the Evidentiary Hearing and warned Complainant that if he could not attend the Evidentiary Hearing and needed a continuance a request must be made in writing and filed with the Commission no later than five days before the date of the Evidentiary Hearing or the appeal would be dismissed.
- Complainant did not file a written request for a continuance of the Evidentiary Hearing. On the afternoon of Friday, April 20, 2018, Complainant left a message on the Hearing Officer’s voicemail. In the message, Complainant stated that his doctor had scheduled an appointment for Complainant on the same date as the Evidentiary Hearing, which presented a conflict. Complainant stated that he knew it was too late to request a continuance but that he had paid his taxes under protest. Complainant requested the Hearing Officer to return the phone call.
- On the morning of April 23, 2018, both the Hearing Officer and the STC’s Legal Coordinator, Jacklyn Wood, (Legal Coordinator) called Complainant. Complainant did not answer either of the calls. Both the Hearing Officer and the Legal Coordinator left messages on Complainant’s voicemail requesting Complainant to return the calls and to clarify Complainant’s initial message. The Hearing Officer specifically informed Complainant that the Hearing Officer would be present for the Evidentiary Hearing as scheduled and that, if Complainant failed to appear and to prosecute the appeal, a decision and order would be entered reflecting such.
- At approximately 1:15 p.m., on April 23, 2018, the Evidentiary Hearing was commenced. Complainant did not appear. Respondent appeared by counsel, who announced ready for trial. Counsel for Respondent presented the Findings and Notice of Decision of the BOE to support Respondent’s position that the BOE’s TVM of the subject property should be affirmed. Following a grace period for Complainant to appear, the matter was placed on the record for the entry of decision noting Complainant’s failure to appear and to prosecute the appeal and affirming the decision of the BOE.
CONCLUSIONS OF LAW AND DECISION
The Commission has jurisdiction to hear this appeal and correct any assessment which is shown to be unlawful, unfair, arbitrary or capricious, including the application of any abatement. The Hearing Officer shall issue a decision and order affirming, modifying, or reversing the determination of the BOE and correcting any assessment which is unlawful, unfair, improper, arbitrary, or capricious. Article X, Section 14, Mo. Const. of 1945; Sections 138.430, 138.431, 138.431.4, RSMo.
Presumptions In Appeals
There is a presumption of validity, good faith, and correctness of assessment by the county board of equalization. Hermel, Inc. v. STC, 564 S.W.2d 888, 895 (Mo. banc 1978); Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Co. v. STC, 436 S.W.2d 650, 656 (Mo. 1968); May Department Stores Co. v. STC, 308 S.W.2d 748, 759 (Mo. 1958). In order to prevail, a complainant must rebut the presumption of correct assessment by presenting substantial and persuasive evidence as to the proper taxation of the subject property on the tax day at issue. Hermel, 564 S.W.2d at 895; Cupples-Hesse Corporation v. State Tax Commission, 329 S.W.2d 696, 702 (Mo. 1959). There is no presumption that the taxpayer’s opinion is correct. In an appeal before the Commission, the taxpayer still bears the burden of proof because the taxpayer is the moving party seeking affirmative relief. Therefore, a complainant must prove by a preponderance of substantial and persuasive the evidence the vital elements of the case, i.e., the assessment was “unlawful, unfair, improper, arbitrary or capricious.” See, Westwood Partnership v. Gogarty, 103 S.W.3d 152, 161 (Mo. App. E.D. 2003); Reeves v. Snider, 115 S.W.3d 375, 379 (Mo. App. S.D. 2003); Daly v. P. D. George Co., 77 S.W.3d 645, 648 (Mo. App. E.D. 2002); Industrial Development Authority of Kansas City v. State Tax Commission of Missouri, 804 S.W.2d 387, 392 (Mo. App. W.D. 1991).
Complainant failed to appear and to prosecute the appeal and failed to present substantial and persuasive evidence to rebut the presumption that the BOE’s determination of the TVM of the subject property was correct. The BOE’s determination that the TVM of the subject property was $199,000 ($37,810 assessed value) as of January 1, 2017, is AFFIRMED.
Application for Review
Complainant may file with the Commission an application for review of this Decision within thirty days of the mailing date set forth in the Certificate of Service. The application shall contain specific grounds upon which it is claimed the decision is erroneous. Said application must be in writing addressed to the State Tax Commission of Missouri, P.O. Box 146, Jefferson City, MO 65102-0146, and a copy of said application must be sent to each person at the address listed below in the certificate of service. Failure to state specific facts or law upon which the appeal is based may result in summary denial. Section 138.432 RSMo 2000.
The Collector of St. Louis County, as well as the collectors of all affected political subdivisions therein, shall continue to hold the disputed taxes pending a filing of an Application for Review, unless said taxes have been disbursed pursuant to a court order under the provisions of Section 139.031.8, RSMo 2000, as amended.
Any Finding of Fact that is a Conclusion of Law or Decision shall be so deemed. Any Decision that is a Finding of Fact or Conclusion of Law shall be so deemed.
SO ORDERED May 11, 2018.
STATE TAX COMMISSION OF MISSOURI
Amy S. Westermann
Senior Hearing Officer
Certificate of Service
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing has been sent electronically or mailed postage prepaid this 11th day of May, 2018, to: Complainants(s) counsel and/or Complainants, the County Assessor and/or Counsel for Respondent and County Collector.